Standardized and Nonstandardized Assessments Essay
Here are some fun, easy reads that we recommend to get you started:. Once you feel more comfortable reading and practicing your comprehension strategies tips in the next sectiongo ahead and allow yourself to read at whatever reading or age level you feel like. Even if you feel that you don't understand some of the text right now-or even a large portion of it!
Ultimately, reading should be a fun and functional activity. So try to keep your reading exercises balanced between work and pleasure. Improving your vocabulary and increasing the amount of time you spend reading overall will help you to improve your reading comprehension over time, but what do you do to help you to comprehend a particular piece of text?
Here, I'll walk you through the steps to take as you're reading so that you can understand the text and improve how you're reading, when you're reading. As you read, let yourself stop whenever you lose focus or feel confused.
Just stop. Now, without re-reading, summarize aloud or in your head what you've comprehended so far before the place where you became confused. Skim back through the text and compare how you've summarized it with what's written on the page.
Do you feel you've captured the salient points? Do you feel a little more focused on what's going on now that you've put the material into your own words? Keep reading with your summation in mind and let yourself stop and repeat the process whenever reading skills essay piece becomes confusing to you. The more you're able to re-contextualize the work in your own words, the better you'll be able to understand it and lock the information in your mind essay need cultivate reading habits you keep reading.
Sometimes, we can form a sort of "mental block" that can halt our reading progress for whatever reason maybe the sentence looks complex or awkward, maybe you're tired, maybe you feel intimidated by the word choice, or are simply bored. Reading these problematic passages aloud can often help circumvent that block and help you to form a visual of what the text is trying to convey.
For the most part, reading is a personal activity that happens entirely in your head. So don't feel you have to read just like anyone else if "typical" methods don't work for you. Sometimes it can make the most sense to read or re-read a text out research paper on martin luther order.
It is often helpful to glance backwards through a piece of text or even re-read large sections to remind yourself of any information you need and have forgotten-what happened previously, what a particular word means, who a person was Previous sentences, sections, or even whole chapters can provide helpful context clues.
Re-reading these passages will help to refresh your memory so that you can better understand and interpret later sections of the text.
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Don't leave your college application to chance. Find out more about PrepScholar Admissions now :. Just like with the previous step, don't feel that the only way to read and understand a text is to work through it completely linearly. Allow yourself the freedom to take apart the text and put it back together again in whichever way makes the most sense to you. Sometimes a current confusion in a work will be explained later on in the text, and it can help you to know that explanations are upcoming or even just to read them ahead of time.
So skip forward or backwards, re-read or read ahead as you need to, take the piece in whatever order you need to in order to make sense of the text. Not everyone thinks linearly, and not everyone best understands texts linearly either. Sometimes discussing what you know so far about a text can help clear up any confusion.
Being able to read critically is basically the difference between being able to recognize the words written in an article and being able to understand their meaning, context and significance. Critical reading is an essential part of academic life, and many professional careers require this skill.
What Is a Non-Standardized Test?
It will help you get into college and graduate school and help you as you move on in your career after school. Becoming an effective critical reader is a real essays with reading 4th skill, but one that often requires effort to hone. Besides a high score on your SAT, critical reading will allow you to assess opinions presented about important events in the world. It will help you take important decisions about causes you may want to get involved with or political stances to take or not take.
A single read-through of an article is usually not enough to read it critically. The preliminary step to critical reading is giving the text multiple readings. Engaging in the text this way allows you to recognize main arguments and important facts such as names and dates.
It forces you to pay attention as you read and to read more slowly rather than skimming. It also provides you a springboard from which you can then form your own analysis. The next level of this graphic organizer can then be assigned to characters, and the last level can deal with methods of characterization, including the use of dialogue, author description, and action. Matrix Diagram: This organizer is effective in representing comparisons and contrasts.
For example, students can use the matrix diagram PDF to compare and contrast the styles of various authors by entering key elements of style at the top and then filling in the lower cells with the similar or different approaches of the authors they are considering. The typical approach to question answering is to answer comprehension questions upon completion of the selection, but questions can be a part of a reading lesson distribution managers resume many points.
As mentioned before, previewing questions can help students focus their reading. In addition, story stems that prompt students to complete a question can organize a cooperative learning experience as students read.
Partners can take turns using story stems to quiz one another on the reading. Students can write questions about the story as a post-reading exercise.
These questions can then be integrated into formal tests or informal questioning games. You might want to suggest that students generate questions by adapting sentences from the text.
Why reading is important essay
Students can also generate questions to identify their own uncertainties about the text. They can then try to answer these questions by consulting you or other students. This is an effective strategy for readers who have difficulty remembering and writing about what they have read. A summary can take many forms, including travelogues, journals, double-entry journals, and letters.
For example, students can create a travel itinerary that summarizes the action of a narrative, can write a journal from a particular character's point of view, can set up a double-entry journal about the theme of a work, or can summarize events in a letter that one character writes to another. This strategy addresses individual learning styles by having students use different media-such as text, images, or video-to analyze or comment on a work of literature.
For example, readers can follow a procedure like this one:. If students have access to video cameras and editing software, they can also create videos that offer commentary on a literary work. Scaffolded learning experiences can support and improve the performance of students before, during, and after reading. Such experiences help students develop essential skills for understanding and extracting meaning from text and boost their performance on reading comprehension assessments.
In addition, students who benefit from scaffolded learning are better able to function as independent readers and to express ideas in a variety of ways. International Reading Association. Click here for more information. Children who read often and widely get better at it. After all, practice makes perfect in almost everything humans do, and reading in no different. Reading exercises our brain. Reading improves reading comprehension essay.
Reading teaches children about the world around them.It is becoming essay writing 2 important for classroom teachers to be able to understand and interpret statistics because of increasing calls for acountablity Free Essays words 4.
Throughout our research we found many instances and sources of information to help us reach our goal. Standardized Testing had grown to play an enormous role in controversy concerning the Education system within the past decade. Hopefully throughout our paper it can be understood as to why this occurred and what can be done about it This process will allow teachers, schools and districts to stay on top of gains and set finish reading hobby essay goals.
Many forms of formal assessments are available such as the essay, selected-response tests and constructed responses. It allows students to summarize and synthesize a topic and to develop thinking -- or intellectual -- skills.
A constructed response test tells how well a student can organize, recall, recognize and clearly communicate previously learned information. Constructed responses require students to use higher-order thinking skills such as analysis, synthesis and evaluation. What people often do not know is that standardized testing is an unreliable way of measuring the performance of a student. Students only prepare for these exams when the date of examination is drawing near.
Formative vs. Summative Assessments: What's the Difference?
For the most part, standardized tests hinder any sort of creative out-of-the-box thinking, which is a skill needed in college and in the workplace. This also promotes a way of thinking that there are only two choices to every problem, which is either right or wrong, and this does not apply in real-life circumstances. Also, this displays that standardized testing only calculates the performance of a student during that day, and not the complete development during the course of the year.
It also means test scores can be high without reflecting student understanding. They assume that all students start from the same point of understanding.
Standardized tests may allow for a direct comparison of data, but they do not account for differences in the students who are taking the tests. In the US, standardized tests could be considered discriminatory in some regions because they assume that the student is a first-language English speaker.
Students who have special needs, learning disabilities, or have other challenges which are addressed by an Individualized Education Plan may also be at a disadvantage when taking a standardized test compared to those who do not have those concerns. Standardized tests only look at raw comprehension data. Students learn in a variety of ways. People have many different strengths that may not be reflected in the context of a standardized test. At the present time most colleges, including Iowa State use a combination of standardized test scores, high school class rank, high school grade point average, and essays to make reading hobby essay on admissions.
Each education class that I have taken has further changed real essays with reading 4th notion of what a teacher actually does. Strangely, the painstaking hours of taking standardized tests in elementary and middle school slipped my mind. I attended the private high school, Lee Academy, so that could be another reason as to why I do not remember the standardized tests.
The presentation by the RSU 34 members freshened my memory however. A teacher does not simply. Standardized tests have been around for as long as I can remember. They are used as measures of how students are compared to one another, or of how much they know of a certain curriculum they were supposed to have learned throughout the school year.
These tests are being used to make major decisions about students, such as moving to the next grade level, graduating from high school, and even going in to college. Millions of students across America had to repeat classes because of the way standardized.
While the standardized tests are designed as benchmarks for a grade level to have met, they are problematic for the writing teacher in several ways. Aside from the problems one faces due to the pressure of the exams, the writing instructor must also deal with the inevitable. The exam room fills slowly with worried faces and remains quiet my goals essay the test stars.
Students grasp their pencils tightly, their palms sweating with the thought of their future at stake with this single test.
Reading hobby essay
These required scores for admission vary from school to school which can make it difficult for every student to attend their dream school. Part of our future is determined by how good we are in a test. Over the past decade, schools use standardized test for several purposes. For example, to pass students from the schools, to know their learning progress in schools, to place them in a class suited their abilities, or to measure their worthiness to enroll to a university.
Essay need cultivate reading habits
The Pass Fail System of Standardized Tests Standardized tests have historically been used as measures of how students compare with each other or how much of a particular curriculum they have learned.
Increasingly, standardized tests are being used to make major decisions about students, such as grade promotion art essay introductions high school graduation, and schools.
More and more often, they also are intended to shape the curriculum and instruction. Students across America have had to repeat classes. Faults of Standardized Tests Throughout the United States, students are being held accountable for the scores they receive after taking a standardized test.
These tests, many would argue, appear to be bias toward minorities, and especially Hispanic students. More specifically though, the SAT is apparently under great scrutiny since it has long lasting, controversial effects on these students. I came out with much better than average scores, scoring a 28 on the overall test, much better than most of my peers. Though math was never my strongest subject in high school, I had still managed to pull a score of 25 on the math section of the test.
When I got to. Students are stressed, nervous, or simply do not take tests well. Many schools measure the teacher and school on how well they are teaching based on how high of. When I work with my small groups of struggling math students, I often just take quick notes on what they are struggling with so that I can review the skill later, or use the information for RTI Response to Intervention purposes.
The key is, I make reading comprehension essay assessment of the skill and have a reason for the assessment. One of the main strengths of informal assessments is that you can do them without a lot of planning and expense. They are less stressful for students because they often do not realize they are undergoing an assessment. Forms include portfolios, interviews, informal questioning, group discussions, oral tests, quick pop quizzes, exhibitions of work, projects and performance exams.
With portfolios the student gathers his work over a period of time, and the teacher will evaluate the work based on a scoring guideline. The student is encouraged to reflect on his work, which enhances the learning process. Performance exams are tests given to all students and are based on students performing some task, like writing an essay, or giving an oral presentation.